The Effect of Global Warming on the Ecosystem
Only with the rise of global warming have we found out how fragile our ecosystem really is. Changing temperatures worldwide do not only affect the weather, but also animals, and other living beings. The effect of global warming can be noticed almost anywhere on earth, starting from the land, the air, and even in our oceans.
Animals find it most challenging to adapt to these changes. While some animals are prone to adapt to their changing environment quickly, others are not so adroit. Global warming can be very “confusing” to some species, shifting their migration periods, hibernation processes, and even changing their natural habitat forever. One of the biggest victims of this change are polar bears. As polar caps melt rapidly, polar bears often get stranded on small patches of ice in the middle of the ocean, unable to find a piece of land. This all leads to a smaller population of some species. In a worst-case scenario, some animals can be critically endangered, or even extinct.
However, land animals are far from being the only one affected by this. Coral reefs in the seas are starting to die out, which will mess up the entire food chain below the water surface. The warmer waters also mean that some fish are forced to migrate to a cooler climate.
Plants seem to have difficulty adapting to global warming as well. In France, the grape harvest used for making wine is on average ten days earlier in the year that before. There are also unpredictable leafings and flowerings, as some plants struggle to bloom on time due to atypical spring conditions. Parts of the land that are drying up made some plant species die out entirely or start to find more suitable conditions on higher grounds.
Last but not least, we need to address our own existence. While humans seem to be least affected by global warming directly, the changing ecosystem might change the way we gather our food resources. Apart from occasionally uncomfortable weather conditions, we might also have to migrate to higher grounds. Coastal cities are in the biggest danger, and some projections show that places like Florida, Amsterdam, and Venice, might struggle to stay above the water level in the next several decades.
Another concern comes in the form of diseases. Warmer climate seems to suit particular fungi and parasites, which can lead to an epidemic.
Global warming is not a new subject. It has been brought to our attention before, yet we chose to ignore it completely. While some speculated that the global warming is only a theory and that there is no concrete evidence to back it up, recent changes in our ecosystem are very much real and suggest that global warming might endanger our planet to an irreparable state.